Benzene Derivatives Analysis Using Aluminum Nitride Waveguide Raman Sensors

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Raman spectroscopy using aluminum nitride (AlN) optical waveguides was demonstrated for organic compound analysis. The AlN waveguide device was prepared by reactive sputtering deposition and complementary-metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) processes. A fundamental waveguide mode was observed over a broad visible spectrum and the waveguide evanescent wave was used to excite the Raman signals of the test analytes. The performance of the waveguide sensor was characterized by measuring the Raman spectra of the benzene derivative mixtures consisting of benzene, anisole, and toluene. The compositions and concentrations were resolved by correlating the obtained Raman spectrum with the characteristic Raman peaks associated with C-C, C-H, and C-O functional groups. With the advantages of real-time detection and enhanced Raman signal intensity, the AlN waveguides provided a sensor platform for non-destructive and online chemical compound monitoring.


Raman spectroscopy, benzene derivatives, optical waveguides, aluminum nitride


M. Makela, P. Gordon, D. Tu, C. Soliman, G. L. Cote, K. Maitland, P. T. Lin, “Benzene Derivatives Analyisis Using Aluminum Nitride Waveguide Raman Sensors,” Analytical Chemistry, May 27, 2020.